A Revıew Of Factors Around The Emergence Of Born Global Entrepreneurs In The SADC Regıon.

  • Muchazoreka nyamugama Graduate School Of Busıness Unıversıty Of Zambıa
  • Abubaker Qutieshat Graduate School Of Busıness Unıversıty Of Zambıa
Keywords: Born Globals, Youth Unemployment , Export led growth

Abstract

The growth and mainstreaming of internet access and usage within commercial spaces has been pervasive throughout the globe. It has facilitated the emergence of the phenomenon of born global firms. However research and data collection on the phenomenon has not been equitable, with African economies, mostly being overlooked in early studies and compilations of data. One of the paper’s intentions  is to bridge this gap by  reviewing studies of  Born Global companies and entrepreneurs within the context of emerging markets and Southern African Developed Community (SADC) in particular. Specifically, the Born Global entrepreneur's knowledge and behaviors required to start a Born Global firm in emerging markets. It examines factors within the political economy related to the growth of Born Globals in the global market place. It analyses the potential for born global entrepreneurs and firms to effectively address the  challenges of youth unemployment . Results reflect common entrepreneurial traits and threads in both developed and emerging markets. Emerging markets however   face greater challenges with poor infrastructure creating less of an enabling environment  riddled with poor  leadership, corruption and misaligned priorities. Despite this one can conclude that Born Globals have the potential to solve the unemployment problem in SADC

References

Andersen, O. (1993). On the internationalization process of firms: A critical analysis. Journal of international business studies, 24, 209-231
Anderson, S., Danilova, M., & Hanja, H. (2015). Success factors in Western and Chinese born global companies. business, 7(1), 25-38
Autio, E., & Sapienza, H. J. (2000). Comparing process and born global perspectives in the international growth of technology-based new firms. Frontiers of entrepreneurship research, 413.
Baldwin, C.Y., 2015. Bottlenecks, modules, and dynamic architectural capabilities. Harvard Business School Finance Working Paper, (15-028)
Bilkey, W., & Tesar, G. (1977). The export behavior of smaller Wisconsin manufacturing firms. Journal of International Business Studies, 9, 93–98.
Chhotray, S., Sivertsson, O., & Tell, J. (2018). The roles of leadership, vision, and empowerment in born global companies. Journal of international entrepreneurship, 16, 38-57
Danik. L., & Kowalik, I. (2013). The studies on born global companies-a review of research methods. Journal of Economics & Management, (13), 9-26
Escandon-Barbosa, D., Rialp-Criado, J., Fuerst, S., Rodriguez-Orejuela, A., & Castro-Aristizabal, G. (2019). Born global: the influence of international orientation on export performance. Heliyon, 5(11), e02688
Falahata.M, Miginb .M.W., Chuanc.C.S., Kongd.P.F ( 2015 ) Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 211 612 – 618 Citation
Ferguson, S., Henrekson, M., & Johannesson, L. (2021). Getting the facts right on born globals. Small Business Economics, 56, 259-276.
Freund C. L., D Weinhold, (2004)The effect of the Internet on international trade, Journal of International Economics,Volume 62, Issue 1
Habibi, F., Hamilton, C.A., Valos, M.J. and Callaghan, M. (2015), "E-marketing orientation and social media implementation in B2B marketing", European Business Review, Vol. 27 No. 6, pp. 638-655. https://doi.org/10.1108/EBR-03-2015-0026
Jakins, L. P. (2017). Determinants of Rapid Internationalisation in the Technological Industry: Lessons from South African born global firms (Doctoral dissertation, The IIE).
Knight, G., Cavusgil, S. T., & Innovation, O. C. (2004). the Born-global Firm. Journal of International Business Studies, 35(2), 124-141.
Hennart, J. F., Majocchi, A., & Hagen, B. (2021). What’s So Special About Born Globals, Their Entrepreneurs Or Their Business Model?. Journal Of International Business Studies, 52(9), 1665-1694.
Machadoa M.A., Niqueb W.M, Fehse F.B (2016) Economics International Orientation And Export Commitment In Fast Small And Mediumsize Firms Internationalization: Scales Validation And Implications For Thebrazilian Caseorienta Revista de Administração 51 255–265
Machadu, C., & Jena, D. (2015). Youth unemployment: SADC ‘Public Enemy Number One’. Youth, Regioness and SADC–Action for and by Youth to Build a Brighter Future, Harare, Zimbabwe, 17-25
Madsen, T. K., & Servais, P. (1997). The internationalization of born globals: an evolutionary process?. International business review, 6(6), 561-583.
McDougall, P. P., Shane, S., & Oviatt, B. M. (1994). Explaining the formation of international new ventures: The limits of theories from international business research. Journal of business venturing, 9(6), 469-487
MainelaT, Puhakka V, Sipola S (2018) International Entrepreneurship Beyond Individuals And Firms: On The Systemic Nature Of International Opportunities Journal of Business Venturing 33 534–550
Moen, Ø., Falahat, M., & Lee, Y. Y. (2022). Are born global firms really a “new breed” of exporters? Empirical evidence from an emerging market. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 1-37.
Monferrer.D, Blesa.A,& Ripollés M (2015) Born Globals Trough Knowledge-Based Dynamic Capabilities And Network Market Orientation Business Research Quarterly 18, 18---36
Mathunyane, L. S. (2016). Export propensity of SMMEs in South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, North-West University (South Africa), Potchefstroom Campus).
Ortegaa R.T, Criadoa A.R,Criadoa.J.,Stoianb M.C. (2015)How To Measure Born-Global Firms’ Orientation Towards International Markets? Revista Española De Investigación De Marketing ESIC 19, 107---123
Persinger, E. S., Civi, E., & Vostina, S. W (2007). The born global entrepreneur in emerging economies. International Business & Economics Research Journal (IBER), 6(3).
Rennie, M. W. (1993). Born global. The McKinsey Quarterly, (4), 45-53.
StatsSA (Statistics South Africa). 2015. Quarter 4 Quarterly labour Force Survey. Pretoria
Velamuri RS.and J. Mitchel, (2004) Resisting Political Corruption: Econet Wireless Zimbabwe A Teaching Case Study April 2004, University of Navara Barcelona
Zhang, M., Tansuhaj, P., & McCullough, J. (2009). International entrepreneurial capability: The measurement and a comparison between born global firms and traditional exporters in China. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 7, 292-322.
https://dig.watch/updates/starlink-makes-a-debut-in-africa
6th edition of the APA Publication Manual (2009).
Published
2024-02-11
How to Cite
Muchazoreka nyamugama, & Abubaker Qutieshat. (2024). A Revıew Of Factors Around The Emergence Of Born Global Entrepreneurs In The SADC Regıon. Asian Journal of Management, Entrepreneurship and Social Science, 4(02), 12-23. Retrieved from https://ajmesc.com/index.php/ajmesc/article/view/618