The Effect of Leadership and Motivation on The Performance of High School Teachers in Metro City

  • M. Ihsan Dacholfany Universitas Muhammadiyah Metro, INDONESIA
  • Durotun Nasikah Universitas Muhammadiyah Metro
Keywords: Leadership, Motivation and Performance


The purpose of this study was to determine the direct positive effect of leadership on performance, to determine the direct positive effect of motivation on performance and to determine the direct positive effect of leadership on motivation. In this study using a questionnaire questionnaire given to the respondents as many as 235 respondents. The questionnaire was scored using a Likert scale with a scale of 1 – 5. The results of this study were then analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) using the LISREL program. The results of this study are that leadership has a direct positive effect on performance, motivation has a direct positive effect on performance and leadership has a direct positive effect on motivation.


Aboazoum, HM, Nimran, U., & Al Musadieq, M. (2015). Analysis of factors affecting employees job performance in Libya. Journal of Business and Management , 17 (7), 42-49.
Afshar, HS, & Doosti, M. (2016). Investigating the impact of job satisfaction/dissatisfaction on Iranian English teachers' job performance. Iranian Journal of Language Teaching Research , 4 (1), 97-115.
Al-Jedaia, Y., & Mehrez, A. (2020). The effect of performance appraisal on job performance in the governmental sector: The mediating role of motivation. Management Science Letters , 10 (9), 2077-2088.
Al Shdaifat, FH, & Al Zyoud, AAY (2021). The Impact of Emotional Intelligence on Job performance in the Gulf Region. International Journal of Emerging Trends in Social Sciences , 10 (1), 41-46.
Almutairi, DO (2016). The mediating effects of organizational commitment on the relationship between transformational leadership style and job performance. International Journal of Business and Management , 11 (1), 231-241.
Al-Omari, K., & Okasheh, H. (2017). The influence of work environment on job performance: A case study of engineering company in Jordan. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research , 12 (24), 15544-15550.
Amanchukwu, RN, Stanley, GJ, & Ololube, NP (2015). A review of leadership theories, principles and styles and their relevance to educational management. Management , 5 (1), 6-14.
Badrianto, Y., & Ekhsan, M. (2019). The Effect of Work Environment and Motivation on Employee Performance of PT. Hasta Multi Prosperous Cikarang. Journal of Research in Business, Economics, and Education , 1 (1). 64-70.
Chandra, T. (2016). The Influence of Leadership Styles, Work Environment and Job Satisfaction of Employee Performance--Studies in the School of SMPN 10 Surabaya. International Education Studies , 9 (1), 131-140.
Dacholfany, MI, Susanto, E., & Noviandi, A. (2018). Leadership and management of education institutions in improving human resources in Indonesia. American Journal of economics and business management, 1(3), 38-55.
Dinc, MS (2017). Organizational commitment components and job performance: Mediating role of job satisfaction. Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences (PJCSS) , 11 (3), 773-789.
Efendi, R., Rifa'i, MN, Bahrun, K., Milla, H., & Suharmi, S. (2020). The mediation of work motivation on the effects of work discipline and compensation on performance batik msmes employees in yogyakarta city, indonesia. International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding , 7 (1), 689-703.
Haryono, S., Supardi, S., & Udin, U. (2020). The effect of training and job promotion on work motivation and its implications on job performance: Evidence from Indonesia. Management Science Letters , 10 (9), 2107-2112.
Ishola, AA, Adeleye, ST, & Tanimola, FA (2018). Impact of educational, professional qualification and years of experience on accountant job performance. Journal of Accounting and Financial Management ISSN , 4 (1), 32-44.
Kalkan, ., Altınay Aksal, F., Altınay Gazi, Z., Atasoy, R., & Dağlı, G. (2020). The relationship between school administrators' leadership styles, school culture, and organizational image. Sage Open , 10 (1), 1-15.
Khuong, MN, & Yen, VH (2016). Invest igate the effects of job stress on employee job performance--a case study at Dong Xuyen industrial zone, Vietnam. International Journal of Trade, Economics and Finance , 7 (2), 31-37.
Kuswati, Y. (2019). Motivation Role in Improving Work Effectiveness. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal) , 281-288.
Lee, SY, & Lee, SW (2020). Social media use and job performance in the workplace: The effects of facebook and cocoatalk use on job performance in South Korea. Sustainability , 12 (10), 4052-4071.
Mittal, M., & Bhakar, SS (2018). Examining the impact of role overload on job stress, job satisfaction and job performance-a study among married working women in the banking sector. International Journal of Management Studies , 2 (7), 01-10.
Nwokocha, I., & Iheriohanma, EBJ (2015). Nexus between leadership styles, employee retention and performance in organizations in Nigeria. European Scientific Journal , 11 (13), 185-209.
Nyenyembe, FW, Maslowski, R., Nimrod, BS, & Peter, L. (2016). Leadership Styles and Teachers' Job Satisfaction in Tanzanian Public Secondary Schools. Universal Journal of Educational Research , 4 (5), 980-988.
Osibanjo, AO, Akinbode, J., Falola, HO, & Oludayo, OO (2018). Work ethics and employees' job performance. Journal of Leadership, Accountability and Ethics , 12 (1), 107-117.
Pangastuti, PAD, Sukirno, S., & Efendi, R. (2020). The Effect of Work Motivation and Compensation on Employee Performance. International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding , 7 (3), 292-299.
Prayetno, S., & Ali, H. (2020). The influence of work motivation, entrepreneurship knowledge and advocate independence on advocate performance. International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change . 12(3). 147-164.
Ratnawati, E., Sukidjo, S., & Efendi, R. (2020). The Effect of Work Motivation and Work Experience on Employee Performance. International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding , 7 (8), 109-116.
Rezaee, A., Khoshsima, H., Zare-Bahtash, E., & Sarani, A. (2018). A Mixed Method Study of the Relationship between EFL Teachers' Job Satisfaction and Job Performance in Iran. International Journal of Instruction , 11 (4), 577-592.
Shafique, I., N. Kalyar, M., & Ahmad, B. (2018). The nexus of ethical leadership, job performance, and turnover intention: The mediating role of job satisfaction. Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems: INDECS , 16 (1), 71-87.
Ukaidi, CUA (2016). The influence of leadership styles on organizational performance in Nigeria. Global Journal of Human Resource Management , 4 (4), 25-34.
Widana, IW, Suarta, I., & Citrawan, IW (2019). Work motivation and creativity on teacher ability to develop HOTS-based assessments. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities , 3 (3), 188-200.
Widyawati, SR, Sujana, IW, & Sukadana, IW (2018). The Role of Work Motivation in Mediating the Effect Self Esteem and Self Efficacy on Employee Performance at CV. Alam Withoutka, Denpasar Bali. International Journal of Contemporary Research and Review , 9 (11), 21138-21147.
Yasir, M., Imran, R., Irshad, MK, Mohamad, NA, & Khan, MM (2016). Leadership styles in relations to employees' trust and organizational change capacity: Evidence from non-profit organizations. Sage Open , 6 (4), 1-12.
How to Cite
M. Ihsan Dacholfany, & Durotun Nasikah. (2022). The Effect of Leadership and Motivation on The Performance of High School Teachers in Metro City. Asian Journal of Management, Entrepreneurship and Social Science, 2(04), 238-252.